Glossary of Terms
Terms Used In Pennsylvania's Juvenile Justice SystemBelow is a list of common terms used in Pennsylvania’s juvenile justice system which may be used regarding your child.
|The responsibility a child has for repairing the harm caused by the crime that they committed.
|A hearing in juvenile Court where the District Attorney/Prosecutor, as a representative of the Commonwealth, presents their case to
prove that a child committed the offense he/she has been charged with.
|Adjudication of Delinquency
|When a child is found by the Court to have broken the law and is in need of treatment, supervision or rehabilitation.
|Taking a child’s case to a higher Court to review the trial Court’s decision.
|Balanced and Restorative Justice (BARJ)
|The approach that believes justice is best served when the community, the victim and the offender (child who commits an offense) receive balanced attention.
|A Court order allowing the police or a juvenile probation officer to physically take a child into custody and bring the child before the judge.
|Keeping the community safe from harm.
|Volunteer work that a child does to benefit the community and to repair harm she/he has caused.
|Teaching skills that allow youth to be productive members of the community.
|A document signed by a judge, directing somebody to do something. Anything that is written in the order must be abided by.
|A locked facility where children are temporarily housed.
|If the judge finds a child guilty of committing a crime, a disposition hearing is held to decide what services the child will be Court-ordered to
complete (such as probation supervision, community service hours, counseling, and/or commitment to a residential treatment facility).
|A program that diverts children from going to Court.
|The process of legally destroying criminal records.
|A crime, typically one involving violence, regarded as more serious than a misdemeanor.
|A criminal offense that is less serious than a felony.
|Financial compensation that may be ordered by the court to compensate a victim for their losses and to repair the harm caused. Review Hearing – A Court hearing that is held to review a child’s progress.
|Consequences that are imposed on children when they break the rules of probation. These consequences may include community service, electronic monitoring, increased probation supervision and/or curfew restrictions.
|A Court order requiring a person to appear in Court at a certain date and time.
|Victim Impact Statement
|A written form that a victim has a right to complete and
have presented to the Court explaining the emotional and financial impact a child’s
crime has had on them.
|Violation of Probation
|When a child under probation either commits
an illegal act or violates other conditions or rules laid out by the Court the Court can respond with sanctions.
|Youth Level of Service Inventory (YLS)
|A research-based assessment tool used by the probation office to objectively determine a child’s risk of reoffending and the level of needed intervention.